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Bibliography | Bibliographie

Sources and Databases Consulted:

  • FIAF: Industrial Films, BRITISH INDUSTRIAL AND SCIENTIFIC FILM ASSOCIATION, Advertising Films, Business and the Cinema, Sponsored Films, Sponsoring, Education and the Cinema, Education Use of Films in, EDUCATIONAL FILM LIBRARY ASSOCIATION, Educational Films, Instructional Films, Health and Safety Films, Red Cross Bureau of Pictures, MEDICAL-WORLD-IN-FILMS.
  • Prelinger, Rick. The Field Guide to Sponsored Films (San Francisco: National Film Preservation Foundation, 2006). [FG]
  • Academic Search Premier (EBSCO) [ASP]: INDUSTRIAL cinematography, EDUCATIONAL films, SOCIAL guidance films, SCIENCE films, INSTRUCTIONAL films, INSTRUCTIONAL videos, MOTION pictures in education, AUDIO-visual education, MOTION pictures in higher education, MOTION pictures in military education, MOTION pictures in nursing education, MOTION pictures in religious education, MOTION pictures in sex instruction, MOTION pictures in teacher training, MOTION pictures in technical education, EDUCATION -- Audio-visual aids, VISUAL education, MEDICINE -- Study & teaching -- Audio-visual aids.
  • Canadian Periodical Index: Educational Film Library Association, Educational Videos, Instructional Movies
  • Cinémathèque québécoise, Médiathèque Guy-L.-Coté [CQ]: Industriels, films ; Commandités, films ; Éducatifs, films ; Santé et sécurité, films de
  • Communication and Mass Media Complete [CMMC]: EDUCATIONAL films, MOTION pictures in education, AUDIO-visual education, EDUCATION -- Audio-visual aids.This database also indexes several articles from the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s dealing with “motion pictures in education”.
  • Film & Television Literature Index [FTLI]: INDUSTRIAL & BUSINESS FILMS (BOOK), INDUSTRIAL CINEMATOGRAPHY, INDUSTRIAL FILMS, EDUCATIONAL FILMS, EDUCATIONAL EXCHANGES, EDUCATIONAL FILM LIBRARY ASSOCIATION (UNITED STATES), EDUCATIONAL ARCHIVES, THE (FILM), EDUCATIONAL VIDEOS, INSTRUCTIONAL FILMS, SPONSORED VIDEOS, COMMISSIONED films.

Books and Articles:

  • “Le sort du cinéma éducatif.” Cinéma Québec 4:9-10 (1976), p. 72-80. [FIAF]

  • Alexander, Geoff. “An academic perspective: the life and films of John Barnes.” Moving Image, 2:2 (Fall 2002), p. 41-72. [FIAF] 
  • Baptista, Tiago. “"Il faut voir le maître": a recent restoration of surgical films by E.-L. Doyen (1859-1916).” Journal of Film Preservation nr 70 (November 2005), p. 42-50. [FIAF]
  • Bird, William L., Jr. “Better Living”: Advertising, Media, and the New Vocabulary of Business Leadership, 1935-1955 (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1999). [FG]
  • Bloom, Peter J. “Hygenic reform in the French colonial film archive.” Journal of Film Preservation nr 63 (October 2001), p. 17-24. [FIAF]
  • Bonneville, Léo. “Entretien avec Michel Moreau.” Séquences nr 97 (July 1979), p. 4-13. [FIAF]
  • Buchanan, Donald W. Documentary and educational films in Canada, 1935-1950 : a survey of problems and achievements (Ottawa: Institut canadien du film, 1952), 24 p. [CQ - PN 1993.5 C3B8]
  • Cunningham, Douglas. “Imaging/imagining air force identity: "Hap" Arnold, Warner Bros., and the formation of the USAAF First Motion Picture Unit.” The Moving Image, 5:1 (Spring 2005), p. 95-124. [FIAF]
  • Delmeulle, Frederic. “Le parent pauvre?: la pratique du documentaire chez Gaumont au début des années dix.” 1895 nr 30 (October 2000), p. 43-65. [FTLI]
  • Dijck, José van. “Door het oog van de chirurg. Medische films en televisieprogramma's.” Tijdschrift voor Mediageschiedenis 3:1 (June 2000), p. 73-94. [FIAF] Abstract: Description of the development of the medical film, from the surgical films to the operations on television.
  • Druick, Zoë. “Documenting government: re-examining the 1950s National Film Board films about citizenship.” Canadian Journal of Film Studies 9:1 (Spring 2000), p. 55-79. [FIAF]
  • Eberwein, Robert. Sex Ed : Film, Video, and the Framework of Desire (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1999). [FG]
  • Estivill, Josep. “La infancia en el cine políticamente instructivo de posguerra.” Archivos de la Filmoteca nr 38 (June 2001), p. 16-27. [FIAF]
  • Gaycken, Oliver. “'A Drama Unites Them in a Fight to the Death': some remarks on the flourishing of a cinema of scientific vernacularization in France, 1909–1914.” Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television 22:3 (August 2002), p. 353-374. [ASP]
  • Goldfarb, Brian. Visual Pedagogy: Media Cultures in and Beyond the Classroom. (Durham: Duke University Press, 2002).
  • Guilbert, Jean-Jacques. “An Interview of Charles Engel.” Education for Health: Change in Learning & Practice 18:2 (July 2005), p. 290-297. [ASP]
  • Gutberlet, Marie-Helene; Ziegler, Holger. “"Re-educate Germany by Film!"” [German] Frauen & Film nr 61 (March 2000), p. 197-226. [FTLI]
  • Heller, Thomas. “Du militantisme patronal au militantisme entrepreneurial.” CinemAction Issue 110 (2004), p. 169-175. [FTLI]
  • Horne, Jennifer. “Nostalgia and non-fiction in Edison's 1917 Conquest Program.” Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 22:3 (August 2002), p. 315-331. [FIAF] Abstract: Deals with the exhibition practice of distributing entire programs put together for mainly educational purposes. Edison's 1917 Conquest Program was a combination of fiction and nonfiction films, thus blurring the boundaries.
  • Hovet, Ted. “The Teacher as Exhibitor: Pedagogical Lessons from Early Film Exhibition.” Pedagogy 6:2 (Spring 2006), p. 327-335. [ASP] Abstract: Discusses the role of the teacher as an exhibitor of early films. Interventions at the point of delivery that the exhibitor could make to shape the experience of students in viewing the motion pictures; Negative connotations associated with an early film exhibitor; Techniques in presenting content within the model of exhibition.
  • Ionascu, Michel. “Le cinéma des cheminots ou l'introuvable parole ouvrière.” Cahiers de la Cinémathèque nr 71 (December 2000), p. 41-46. [FIAF] Abstract: A discussion of railway workers in films. Looks at the films made by the SNCF (the French railway company), the trade union and commerical producers. Concludes that railway workers and trade unions have created very few films about themselves.
  • Ionascu, Michel. “Les films des cheminots: une image de la classe ouvrière?” CinemAction nr 110 (2004), p. 180-185. [FTLI] Abstract: This article describes films made by France's national railroad company, the Societe Nationale des Chemins de Fer Francais.
  • Lagny, Michèle. “Documentaire et commandite: conséquences pour le cinéma ouvrier.” Cahiers de la Cinémathèque nr 71 (December 2000), p. 35-40.
  • Landecker, Hannah. “Cellular Features: Microcinematography and Film Theory.” Critical Inquiry 31:4 (Summer 2005), p. 903-937. [ASP] Abstract: Evaluates the film theory on the development of microcinematography. Comparison of the cinematic and scientific procedures in Siegfried Kracauer's "Theory of Film: The Redemption of Physical Reality"; Evaluation of the development of early scientific cinematography; Significance of the development of microcinematography in the study of the Brownian movement and microorganisms; Impact of the use of microcinematography on the study of cells.
  • Landecker, Hannah. “Microcinematography and the History of Science and Film.” ISIS: Journal of the History of Science in Society 97:1 (March 2006), p. 121-132. [ASP] Abstract: The history of microcinematography is explored here as an example of the possible historiographical directions for work on science and film in the twentieth century. Topics discussed include investigations of the role of time in experiment, and the constant interplay between static and dynamic modes of imaging in scientific research; the role of films as depictions of both the objects of science and the process of scientific looking itself; and the possibility for telling a social history of science through investigation of the production and reception of cinema.
  • Lefebvre, Thierry. La Chair et le celluloïd. Le cinéma chirurgical du Docteur Doyen (Bar-le-Duc : Jean Doyen éd., 2004). Abstract: Eugène-Louis Doyen fut un chirurgien hors pair et une personnalité médiatique controversée. Grand innovateur, il présenta en juillet 1898 ses premiers films d’enseignement chirurgical et déclencha une polémique qui ne prit fin qu’après sa mort. Il s’intéressa aussi au cinéma en couleur et réalisa, avec J.-P. Bouchon et son fils Roger Doyen, un étonnant «Atlas d’anatomie topographique» qui préfigura nos modernes scanners. L’auteur tente de retracer les pérégrinations de sa collection de courts-métrages scientifiques, l’une des premières au monde sinon la première. Plus largement, il traite des rapports de ce chirurgien excentrique avec le monde foisonnant des images.
  • Lefebvre, Thierry. “Les médecins et le natalisme: de quelques représentations cinématographiques sous-jacentes.” Cahiers de la Cinémathèque nr 70 (October 1999), p. 55-63. [FIAF] Abstract: Examines the early public health films made in France.
  • Léon, Pierre. “Rohmer éducateur.” Cinéma - Revue Semestrielle d'Esthéthique et d'Histoire du Cinéma nr 9 (Spring 2005), p. 20-31. [FIAF] Abstract: A discussion of how the educational films made by Éric Rohmer between 1964 and 1969 help form a picture of the filmmaker and his ideas.
  • Maisonneuve, Danielle. La production cinématographique des companies pétrolières au Québec, de 1960 à 1979. Master’s thesis, Université de Montréal, 1979.
  • Marchand, Roland. Creating the Corporate Soul: The Rise of Public Relations and Corporate Imagery in American Big Business (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1998). [FG]
  • Masson, Eef. “Of pits and vaults: the historiographic value of educational collections in Great Britain.” The Moving Image 2:1 (Spring 2002), p. 47-72. [FIAF] Abstract: Provides an overview of Britain's educational film history up to World War II. Analyses post-war educational films in an attempt to create the first post-war educational film historiography. Discusses archival issues related to educational films.
  • Nowlin, Eric Guy. A survey of the development of the business and industrial film. Dissertation (Ph.D.), Northwestern University, 1976. [CQ] Consulté. Pas très intéressant.
  • Ostherr, Kirsten. “Contagion and the boundaries of the visible: the cinema of world health.” Camera Obscura 17:50 (2002), p. 1-39. [FIAF] Abstract: Examines the use of motion pictures by international health surveillance organizations.
  • Perkins, D.J. “The American Archives of the Factual Film.” Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 10:1 (March 1990), p. 71-80. [FIAF, FTLI] Abstract: On the work and holdings of the American Archives of the Factual Film.
  • Perkins, D.J. “The sponsored film: a new dimension in American film research?” Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 2:2 (1982), p. 133-140. [FIAF] Abstract: Suggests a rationale for the study of sponsored films made in America, in parallel with the traditional Hollywood movies.
  • Pessis, Georges. “Les archives du film d'entreprises.” CinéAction nr 97 (October 2000), p. 99-105. [FIAF] Abstract: Discusses the preservation of French industrial films.
  • Prédal, René. “Le documentaire sous influence. Commander ou commanditer.” Contre Bande nr 11 (2004), p. 85-97. [FLTI] Abstract: This article studies films financed by corporations for various reasons: to create a better image of the company, promote their products and technology, etc. These sponsored films are essentially documentary in nature.
  • Prelinger, Rick. Our Secret Century: Archival Films from the Darker Side of the American Dream. 10-vol. CD-ROM (New York: Voyager Co., 1995-1997). [FG]
  • Prelinger, Rick. The Field Guide to Sponsored Films (San Francisco: National Film Preservation Foundation, 2006).
  • Ross, Heiner. Lernen Sie dikutieren! Re-education durch Film: Strategien der westlichen Alliierten nach 1945. Babelsberg: Cinegraph, 2005. 177 pp. Abstract: This slender volume contains lectures from two retrospectives in Hamburg in 1999 and 2002 of so-called re-education films made by the Western Allies after World War II. The editor’s goal is to increase awareness and scholarly interest in this material, which has once again become accessible. Accordingly, the volume’s merit lies primarily in introducing readers to the area of study and especially providing research assistance via a meticulously compiled index of films that the Western Allies used in their re-education efforts in the late 1940s and early 1950s. The compilation is based on catalogues from that period and lists only extant films, archived primarily at the Bundesarchiv-Filmarchiv, the Kinemathek Hamburg and Kinemathek Berlin. The index will be highly useful for historians and film scholars alike, as it lists the title, a short summary, production details and the location of the film today. The volume also contains an introduction, four survey essays and three shorter, more focused pieces. [Reinhild Steingröver, http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showpdf.cgi?path=178271175267286]
  • Schaefer, Eric. “Bold! Daring! Shocking! True!”: A History of Exploitation Films, 1919-1959 (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999). [FG]
  • Serceau, Michel. “Les archives du cinéma pédagogique et scientifique.” CinémAction nr 97 (October 2000), p. 106-107. [FIAF] Abstract: Describes the preservation of educational and scientific films in France.
  • Slide, Anthony. Before Video : An History of the Non-Theatrical Film (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992). [FG]
  • Smith, Ken. Mental Hygiene: Classroom Films, 1945-1970 (New York: Blast Books, 1999). [FG ; CQ LB 1044 S5]
  • Stamp, Shelley. “Toronto's 'girl workers'. The female body and industrial efficiency in Her own fault.” Cinémas 6:1 (Fall 1995), p. 81-99. [FIAF] Abstract: Explores the depiction of women, both in the workplace and at leisure, in 1920's Canadian cinema, focusing on the educational film "Her own fault".
  • Taillibert, Christel. L'Institut international du cinématographe éducatif : regards sur le rôle du cinéma éducatif dans la politique internationale du fascisme italien (Paris : L’Harmattan, 1999).
  • Trudeau, Robert. Évolution de l’industrie cinématographique à Montréal (Montréal : École des Hautes Études commerciales, 1945).
  • Vignaux, Valérie. “Contribution à une histoire de l'emploi du cinéma dans l'enseignement de la chirurgie.” 1895 nr 44 (December 2004), p. 73-86. [FIAF] Abstract: A short history of the use of film in teaching surgery.
  • Vignaux, Valérie. “Femmes et enfants ou le corps de la nation: l'éducation à l'hygiène dans le fonds de la Cinémathèque de la Ville de Paris.” 1895 nr 37 (July 2002), p. 22-43. [FIAF] Abstract: Describes the collection of educational films related to public hygiene and birth control preserved at the Cinémathèque de la Ville de Paris.
  • Vignaux, Valérie. “Les films de Jean Benoit-Lévy pour la cinémathèque du Ministère de l'agriculture (1924-1939).” Archives nr 98 (January 2006), p. 1-16. [FIAF] Abstract: Special issue on the use of the cinema, in particular, the films of Jean Benoit-Lévy, for mass education and agricultural propaganda between the wars in France.
  • Wiatr, Elizabeth. “Between word, image, and the machine: visual education and films of industrial process.” Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 22:3 (August 2002), p. 333-351. [FIAF, FTLI] Abstract: Demonstrates that using non-fiction material for educational ends generally posed a number of intricate problems especially in the relationship between the visual image and the pedagogical discourse.